Surveiller et punir: Naissance de la prison | Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison, Alan Sheridan (trans.). [W]e began to see from the first interview on that urban laborers themselves, no less than their critics, are aware of the momentous change in their lives the decline of the old neighborhoods has caused; these workingpeople of Boston are trying to find out what position they occupy in America as a whole… For the people we interviewed, integration into American life meant integration into a world with different symbols of human respect and courtesy, a world in which human capabilities are measured in terms profoundly alien to those that prevailed in the ethnic enclaves of their childhood. Mills, C. Wright (1951) White Collar. I imagine, moreover, that our temporary poverty did not carry the same stigma it might have inflicted on many of our white neighbours. Here I want to focus on three essays exploring authority and the emotional bonds of modern society; the personal consequences of work in the new capitalism; and respect in a world of inequality. In Defense of History. Eichmann in Jerusalem: A Report on the Banality of Evil. (2/5): les misères du travail flexible, Que gagne-t-on à travailler? As he recognizes, the scale of change and responses required rather mean that the small, incremental processes favoured by Jane Jacobs and, previously, Sennett himself have to be added to. unlinking authority from legitimation and this opens up exploration of the most typical manifestation of power in modern society (Bauman 1982). Passer au contenu principal.fr. New York: Oxford University Press. Retrieved February 27, 2020]. Sennett was brought up by his mother, Dorothy. [https://www.theguardian.com/books/2018/feb/19/building-and-dwelling-by-richard-sennett-book-review-architecture-rowan-moore. Mills, C. Wright (1958b) ‘The structure of power in American society’, British Journal of Sociology IX(1). Saskia Sassen is the Robert S. Lynd Professor of Sociology at Columbia Universityco-chairs its Committee on Global Thought. Richard Sennett se penche, dans cet essai, sur les ruptures qu’introduit le nouveau capitalisme par rapport aux aspirations libertaires des années soixante. As the citation for Harvard University Centennial Medal awarded to Sennett in 2017 put it: While other social historians might get caught up in documenting the mundane details of everyday life, Sennett has displayed a remarkable ability to see the big picture and ask the big questions that have brought deep meaning to this new mode of history. Knott, M. L. (2014). Sassen, S. (1999). Richard Sennett, né en 1943, est un historien et sociologue américain, professeur de sociologie à la London School of Economics et à la New York University. Faubion (ed.) He thrives more when making sharp and nuanced observations of the ways people live in cities, which perform the vital service of puncturing the fuzzy cliches that tend to grow around notions like “tolerance” and “diversity”. It is instructive to place The Craftsman against a rather different book by Peter Korn (2015) Why We Make Things and Why It Matters: The Education of a Craftsman. Finally, through seed-planning the themes themselves – where to place schools, housing, shops or parks – are allowed to develop independently throughout the city, yielding a complex image of the urban whole. He explores the impact of new (flexible) capitalism on the experience of workers – and uses his, by now, classic approach drawing on examples from people’s lives, and making links with different historical moments, writers and ways of thinking. That is the ethics of an open city. (1962). In 1960 Richard Sennett returned to Chicago to study with Frank Miller, principal cellist of the Chicago Symphony Orchestra. Sennett, Richard (1987). The Needs of Strangers. Mid-city – Sennett’s dissertation – was quickly revised and appeared in print in 1970 with the title Families against the City. Despite a few uncomfortable instances of “outside the box”, “world-class city” and “tipping point” (which pace Richard Sennett is hardly “everyday language” save among the lexically deprived), Building and Dwelling is pretty much jargon-free, quite an achievement given the milieu the author evidently frequents. By having this aim in mind, sociologists define themselves outside of the world of the intelligentsia and no longer contribute to the informed conversation of the day. It also builds on the previous two books and becomes, in some ways, a manifesto for open systems, cooperation and a certain kind of modesty. This generates a personal malady that is particularly acute in the intellectual who has labored under the illusion that his thinking makes a difference… (1963: 293). Before becoming a sociologist, he studied music professionally. (First published in 1947). Around seven months after Richard was born, his father returned to Spain and stayed on there, after hostilities ceased. ‘I want to understand how people make emotional commitments to one another, what happens when these commitments are broken or absent, and the social forms these bonds take’ (op. Illich, I. Sennett then proceeds, initially, to explore its relation to solidarity, to competition and ritual. Meades, J. Managing short-term relationships, and oneself, while migrating from task to task, job to job, place to place. London: Allen Lane. Richard Sennett's previous books include The Fall of Public Man, The Corrosion of Character, Flesh and Stone and Respect. [https://www.sms.cam.ac.uk/media/1130356?format=mpeg4&quality=360p. In the same year that Families Against the City appeared, a rather different book also hit the shelves. New Haven: Yale University Press. The Death and Life of American Cities. Sennett makes an argument for co-production of plans and increased cooperation involving planners, local communities, political interests etc. Urbanists, as Johnathan Meades (2018) has commented, tend to use language that is only understood by themselves and, quoting the Dutch architect Reinier de Graaf, are “united through the frank admission that we do not have a clue”. It might not be that the mind ‘engages once labour is done… (perhaps) thinking and feeling are contained within the process of making’ (op. The experience of growing structural inequality and new forms of labour has psychological consequences. (Meads 2018). | Homo Faber. [https://www.citymetric.com/skylines/20-year-battle-demolish-chicago-s-notorious-cabrini-green-housing-project-1575. He interrupted his course to study cello and conducting at Juilliard in New York during his second year. La culture de l’artisanat, se présente comme un essai volumineux de 400 pages visant à réhabiliter le travail artisanal entendu au sens de travail technique. Retrieved March 19, 2020]. Sociologue, il est également romancier et musicien. In his latest book, sociologist Richard Sennett, AB’64, explores the social craft of cooperation, The University of Chicago Magazine November/December. The artwork is a commissioned work by the Hanoverian graffiti artist Patrik Wolters aka BeneR1 in August 2014 in teamwork with Kevin Lasner aka koarts … Wikimedia – ccasa3 licence. New York: Knopf. The Lonely Crowd: A Study of the Changing American Character. sociologue, professeur à la London School of Economics et à la New York University, Découvrez nos newsletters complémentaires, Albin Michel, 2019, LE However, it placed a very strong influence on helping the children to achieve. Celebration of awareness: A call for institutional revolution. Edited by Irving H. Horowitz. He is concerned with learning – what does the process of making things reveal to us about ourselves? The ‘most important point’ could well be that cooperation is an action that it is informed and committed (praxis). The problem is, of course, that modern capitalism tends to look for closure rather than openness (Sennett 2019a). As might be expected pinning down what is meant here by respect is difficult: It can involve recognizing and honouring another; it certainly entails dignity. The ‘ands’ are important. A review of Richard Sennett’s The Craftsman, Times Literary Supplement May 16 2008 page 16. Parry, R. (2020). Modern capitalism, according to Sennett, ‘radiates indifference’ and portrays system failures as individual ones. However, one of the most interesting comparisons is with C Wright Mills (1916-1962) partly because they shared a concern with craftsmanship as a focus for exploration. ‘He was a kindly man and very worldly, and he introduced me to Hannah Arendt,’ Sennett says. Prime Panier. The first was to be about craftsmanship – the skill of making things well; the second to address the crafting of rituals that manage aggression and zeal (with the working title of Warriors and Priests); and the last (The Foreigner) to explore ‘the skills required in making and inhabiting sustainable environments’ (op. Garden City, NY: Doubleday. Review of Richard Sennett’s Together: The rituals, pleasures, and politics of cooperation, London Review of Books (34): 2, March 22, 2012. cit.). Here, we have Sennett the urbanist – and in many senses, this is his home territory. Hannah Arendt (1906-75) – who, as have seen, was something of a mentor to Richard Sennett – famously argued that modernity involved a victory of animal laborans over Homo faber. Mills, C. Wright (1959) The Sociological Imagination. It looked to the significance of dignity and respect. Lawler, L. (2016). As Rowan Moore (2018) has pointed out, he doesn’t ‘propose much by way of what these larger plans might be’. Cost-cutting measures ‘taken during the construction of the towers led to quick deterioration, and there was little money budgeted for desperately needed maintenance’ (Reed 2015). New York, London, Tokyo. Interview with Michel Foucault in J.D. : 18). Foucault was, in his own words, an ‘experimenter’. al. Richard Sennett the public intellectual does not attempt sustained political analysis. [https://www.theguardian.com/books/2003/jan/25/featuresreviews.guardianreview2. ‘We had a tough time financially, but in the bohemian, radical milieu in which we lived, we were just another family,’ he has said. Sennett spent nine months there but was driven back to the University of Chicago by the threat of being drafted to serve in Vietnam. New York: New Press. Mills also used the essay form both in works of social and political criticism such as Listen Yankee and in shorter articles (see Mills 1963; Horowitz 1983). al. Richard Sennett continued to explore the injuries of class, the ‘emotional bonds of society’, and the nature of cities. Understanding Max Frisch. With its charts and statistical analysis is unlike any other book of Sennett’s. The Cabrini Green public housing project in Chicago byJet Lowe | Wikimedia PD. Hannah Arendt, The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Fall Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.). New York: Harper & Row. Sennett, Richard and Calhoun, Craig (eds.) There was the possibility that as a social worker she would be drawn to deal with problems. [https://www.lrb.co.uk/the-paper/v34/n06/jenny-turner/superficially-pally. This then became the focus of the second book in the series – Cooperation (2008). Those commitments may well be a significant touchstone, but four other things also shine out. All these conditions impel people to look for some other scene of attachment and depth. (2003) The deserving poor, Daily Telegraph January 25. In the case of the latter, some of the responses to the book mirror the reaction to Riesman’s et. The picture of the City and the west of Bermondsey Picture: Bermondsey west is by sarflondondunc | flickr ccbyncnd2 licence. He askes whether the physical ville can make good such difficulties? (Arendt – Vita activa translated by David Dollenmayer and quoted by Knott 2014: 70). As a child he trained in music, studying the cello and conducting, working with Claus Adam of the Juilliard String Quartet and the conductor Pierre Monteux. New York: Knopf. Culture and social character: The work of David Riesman reviewed. Moore, R. (2018). Public space promotes synchronous activities. It pointed to ways in which the discourses around urbanism could develop. Mills, C. Wright (1958a) The Causes of World War Three. He is now married to Saskia Sassen (1948- ), a Dutch-American sociologist known for her work on globalization (she is credited with inventing the term ‘global city’) and migration (1988, 1991, 1999, 2006). R. J. So, I went to the University of Chicago, and I loathed it’ (Station 2011). Sennett, Richard (1991). Compulsory miseducation and the community of scholars. He argues that dialogic cooperation is central as it ‘entails a special kind of openness, one which enlists empathy rather than sympathy in its service’ (op. The final three chapters look at how cooperation can be repaired and strengthened. New York: W.W. Norton, Sennett, Richard (2006). Riesman invited Sennett to Harvard and to undertake a PhD. Richard Sennett : J’entends Homo faber comme Bergson dans L’Évolution créatrice lorsqu’il récuse la séparation entre Homo sapiens (« qui pense ») et Homo faber (« qui fabrique »). The book puts ‘Homo faber in the city’ (Sennett 2018: 55). In addition to these three, Sennett had also been supervised by the historian Oscar Handlin (1915-2011) (Feeney 2011) and was appreciative of the support and encouragement he had been given (Sennett 1970a: viii). [https://doi.org/10.3917/mana.153.0344. The Narratives of Homo Faber. Key concepts. Poussé vers la sociologie par Hannah Arendt, il reconnaît l'influence fondamentale de Michel Foucault sur son travail. ‘Prudence’, he comments’ was not a word you would attribute to her – everything was a categorical declaration’ (Interview with Alan Macfarlane 2009). Uses of Disorder takes the essay form that was also to be a characteristic of much of his work. The high-rise blocks were completed in 1957. There is also the relationship between respect for others and self-respect. He or she loses the desire to cooperate with others. As well as writing as a sociologist/urbanist, Richard Sennett has also written three novels: The Frog who Dared to Croak (1982), An Evening of Brahms (1984) and Palais-Royal (1987) [click for more details]. The design and social life of cities. The comparison with Michel Foucault (1926-1984) is instructive in part, as Sennett has written with him, in part as he also drew from disparate sources and was not a particularly systematic thinker (Taylor 2011). cit. As Maurizio Passerin d’Entreves (2019) has argued, her concept of the social ‘blinds her to many important issues and leads her to a series of questionable judgments’. That is just about the highest compliment one can currently make in the light of the abject failure of many academics and most universities to attend to the needs of their students. The Global City. Dans M@n@gement 2012/3 (15) pp. This meant that by the time he completed his PhD (Mid-city; a study of family life and social mobility in the nineteenth century) in 1969, he had come to know, and be influenced by, three notable outsiders who were highly influential in their different fields. It also raised some fundamental questions, for example around the failure of historians to engage with the functioning of families (op. Authority. As a result of these efforts, this book stands apart from most of what Richard Sennett has previously written. Communitas: Means of livelihood and ways of life. New York: Random House. These discussions contain some important points and questions but become more speculative as this part of the book progresses. 21/03/2006, Bâtir et habiter : Pour une éthique de la ville. What then follows is a political and sociological discussion examining the cooption of intellectuals and the extent to which ’many are betrayed by what is false within them’ (op. Obituary: Oscar Handlin; historian led US immigration study, The Boston Globe September 22. It combines a significant element of memoir with attention to contemporary phenomena and moral philosophy. He attended military and then public schools (Sennett 1972: 8). At one level this is not a bad thing, but to get away with it you require much stronger links into empirical work and critique or use of established theory. Réécouter Coopérer : un remède à la crise ? The book examined ‘the conditions of family life for one group of middle-class people at the point in America, during the decades after the Civil War, when the massive cities took form’ (op. Princeton NJ. He then moves on to ‘everyday diplomacy’ and the heritage in ordinary life. Alongside concerns around Richard growing up in the area –there were increasing tensions in the community. cit. He argues that: … there appears in adolescence a set of strengths and desires which can lead in themselves to a self-imposed slavery; that the current organization of city communities encourages men to enslave themselves in adolescent ways; that it is possible to break through this framework to achieve an adulthood whose freedom lies in its acceptance of disorder and painful dislocation; that the passage from adolescence to this new, possible adulthood depends on a structure of experience that can only take place in a dense, uncontrollable human settlement—in other words, in a city. In the second part of the book, we turn to the weakening of cooperation through growing inequality, changes in the social triangle and ‘the uncooperative self’. This mixed community of blacks, the white poor, the wounded, and the deranged framed the subjects of the experiment in social inclusion. Carr, E. H. (1961). Richard Sennett describes how, like in music, the process of cooperation can be its own reward Portrait of Hannah Arendt on a wall in the courtyard of her birthplace at Lindener Marktplatz 2, on the corner of Falkenstraße, in the district of Linden-Mitte. cit. Horowitz, I. L. (1983) C Wright Mills An American Utopia. Retrieved April 8, 2020]. It is necessary to develop ways of talking about social theories and questions that engage the public, deepen understanding and point to ways of improving our life together. However, the call of music was strong. The problem is that there is little concrete suggestion or discussion of current activity and practice. [https://www.theguardian.com/books/2018/feb/24/building-and-dwelling-richard-sennett-review. New York: Free Life. Some key points appear concerning the first around the tensions between top-down and ground-up orientations. Goodman, P. (1960b). Sennett had become: … interested in cities and ways that social class, economic opportunity, and family life played out in urban communities. The 20-year battle to demolish Chicago’s notorious Cabrini-Green housing project, CityMetric, November 15. (2017). Alongside David Reisman, who was committed to working with his students, Richard Sennett was also lucky enough to get to know Reisman’s colleague, Erik Erikson (1902-94) – the developmental psychologist and psychoanalyst. The emerging trends in the new capitalism that Sennett identified still provide a helpful reference point. À l'éclatement... La culture du nouveau capitalisme. [Page numbers refer to the epub version of the book]. This said he does return to the culture of the new capitalism (Sennett 2006). Tools for conviviality. Previously, we looked at Sennett the historian, Sennett the sociologist, and Sennett the public intellectual. London: Square Peg | Vintage Books. Sennett loved music and began playing the cello around the age of five. The first and the last are separated by 23 years and the first and second are interrupted by three novels and The Conscience of the Eye (on the design and social life of cities) (1991) and Flesh and Stone: The body and the city in western civilization (1994). It is classic Sennett, full of engaging insights and interesting lines of thought. The first half of the book explores what he sees as a new puritanism – and its expression in identity, the myth of a purified community and in planning. Eventually, they settled in Washington, DC, but by this time Sennett was also touring with a Bach cantata group in parts of the mid-West, and a little in Chicago and New York. Jacobs, J. From there, Sennett argues that responsiveness is less an ethical disposition (as Michael Ignatieff suggests) but ’emerges from practical activity’ (Sennett 2012: 16). People obey commands because they believe that whoever gave them, did so of right. Gorman, T. J. L’ouvrage de Richard Sennett, Ce que sait la main. The inhabitants of such cities have to develop the capacity to deal with and manage complexity. He was founder director of the New York Institute for the Humanities, and is now University Professor at New York University and Academic Governor and Professor of Sociology at the London School of Economics. (Sennett 2018: 627) [I have broken up the original paragraph into five points and a comment.]. She was keen to move out of the project. Retrieved March 2, 2020]. Ses essais l'ont imposé en Europe comme l'une des figures les plus originales de la critique sociale d'aujourd'hui. Guttenplan, D. D. (2008). Together: The rituals, pleasures, and politics of cooperation. (op. He frames this via a comparison between dialectic and dialogical conversation. The area had been the site of the ‘slum’ described in Harvey W. Zorbaugh’s classic (1929) The Gold Coast and the Slum: A Sociological Study of Chicago’s Near North Side. Riesman, D., Glazer, N. and Denney, R. (1950). Sennett, Richard (1982). On en parle avec Richard Sennett, sociologue, auteur de "Bâtir... Dans quelle mesure les crises politiques et sociales actuelles ont-elles un rapport avec la ville ? (2000). Mills might not have been liked by many of his academic colleagues, but was able to engage in social criticism and use the essay form because he appealed to core theoretical concerns, and had himself created a body of serious social and political analysis. Authority (Sennett 1980) was supposed to be the first of four essays on the emotional bonds of modern society. Unlearning with Hannah Arendt trans. | Harmondsworth: Pelican Books. Ignatieff, M. (1986). Richard Sennett est sociologue et professeur à la prestigieuse London School of Economics et à la New York University. As well as supporting Sennett in his PhD study, it was through a conversation with Erik Erikson on a walk one morning in a New England graveyard had prompted him to think about personal identity and city life (which came to fruition in The Uses of Disorder ). Taylor, Dianna (2014). As teachers, neither was disposed to point the way forward along a clear path. But The Hidden Injuries of Class does not read like a report on ‘the issues that engage a group of American manual labourers and their families’ and how these bear on the classic division ‘ between culture and the masses of society’ (Sennett and Cobb 1972: 9). : 218-9); relative neglect of the role of work on the experiences of middle-class families; and around the extent to which these Union Park families have been a part of the inauguration of ‘a pattern of family conduct that has culminated in the intense family life of modern suburbs’ op. Foucault, M. (2000). Richard Sennett’s most popular book is The Craftsman. Nothing bears witness to them after the brief moment in which they pass through the world like a breeze or a wind or a storm and shake the hearts of men. She had wanted to be a writer in the 30s but after my father left, she was down on her luck and her dream was shattered’ (op. The book doesn’t have footnotes, a bibliography, or an index. The Latin term Homo faber is often translated as ‘humans as makers’ (fabricators and craftsmen). 2e. He argues that the system of power inherent in modem forms of flexibility consists of three elements: ‘discontinuous reinvention of institutions; flexible specialization of production; and concentration of without centralization of power’ (1998: 47).