Jahrhunderts”, first published in German in 1958. Golo Mann (születési neve: Angelus Gottfried Thomas Mann) (München, 1909. március 27. Deutsche Geschichte 1919–1945, 1958: více informací... Komentáře; Bazar; Recenze ; Zajímavosti; Vydání; Diskuze; Nahrávám... Komentáře (3) Kniha Dějiny Německa 1919–1945. 1-Click ordering is not available for this item. (p. 570), The Weimar Constitution presupposed that the Germans were agreed on the basic concepts of their communal existence. By far the most limitant group, however, were the Sturmabteilungen – SA for short – of the Nazi Party, an army organized to fight a civil war. Please try your request again later. (c)+(p) 2007 Diogenes Verlag AG Show more Show less Book 1 Stürmischer Beginn; Deutsche Geschichte des 19. und 20. (p.439), On the contrary, in the nineteenth century Germany had been definitely popular among the Anglo-Saxons. However, at a cabinet meeting on 2 December, Papen was informed by Schleicher’s associate General Eugen Ott that Ministry of the Reichswehr war games showed there was no way to maintain order against the Nazis and Communists. (p. 576), The economic chaos of the post-war years, the growing inflation brought with it a profound change. The third part will cover the period from January 1933 to the early 1960s. To get the free app, enter your mobile phone number. Jahrhunderts: Golo Mann gelesen von Achim Höppner & Claus Biederstaedt: 1: Showing official release groups by this artist. If he tries to do this he multiplies the damage done to himself. Free shipping . ], [Timeline: The results of the November 1932 election were a great disappointment for the Nazis. [Timeline: In April 1932 Brüning had both the communist “Rotfrontkämpferbund” and the Nazi Sturmabteilung banned. (p.654), [Timeline: In March 1932, presidential elections pitted the incumbent Hindenburg, supported by pro-democratic parties, against Hitler and communist Ernst Thälmann. Golo Mann (* 27. Golo Mann hat ein brilliante Sprache. (p. 627), The relationship between between Germany and the new Polish state could not be good. Author. Deutsche Geschichte des 19. und 20. Amazon.com: Grundtatsachen der deutschen Geschichte (Audible Audio Edition): Golo Mann, Achim Höppner, Diogenes Verlag AG: Audible Audiobooks Kniha německého historika mne zaujala. (p. 623), The people was a chaos of conflicting hopes and fears. (c)+(p) 2007 Diogenes Verlag AG. In her diary his mother describes him in his early years as sensitive, nervous and frightened. The Nazi Party had the advantage that it was in no way involved with what had happened in Germany since 1919. In Germany civil was had threatened since 1930; this was not a climate in which the economy could flourish. Find all the books, read about the author and more. It seemed natural to them that Poles lived under Prussian rule because the strong expands at the expense of the weak … But the same mutual, arrogant dislike separated Germans and Czechs, the latter regarding themselves as morally superior and the former as basically stronger, as having the justification of history behind them. $9.52. I use the English translation by Marian Jackson, reprinted by Penguin Books in 1990. .. Economic competition can be controlled by sensible aim of making money; the same does not apply to political competition. The Army and Navy expect it from you!. Přidat komentář. (p. 415), Our character is determined partly by the reality in which we live, by the tasks that confront us. Papen owed his appointment to the Chancellorship to General Kurt von Schleicher, an old friend from the pre-war General Staff and influential advisor of President Hindenburg. Text: Subscribe to the war loan! Jahrhundert (1958) Wilhelm II (1964) Propyläen-Weltgeschichte (10 vol., 1961-65) Von Weimar nach Bonn. (p. 570), The German Government signed the treaty… The Germans signed under protest because they had no choice. Sein Leben erzählt von Golo Mann (1971) Erinnerungen und Gedanken. Like no one else Stresemann had kept Parliament together, had personally made possible the compromise between labor and capital, and by his diplomacy had given meaning to Germany’s existence as a state among states. Weimar Republic gives way to a one-party state. On 23 January, Papen presented to Hindenburg his idea for Hitler to be made Chancellor, while keeping him “boxed” in. Die Gefährten; Die Deutschen. Publication date 1968 Publisher New York, Praeger Collection inlibrary; printdisabled; internetarchivebooks; americana Digitizing sponsor Internet Archive Contributor Internet Archive Language English; German. (p. 619), “Blood for gold”, was what Spengler taught, and “work for moneybags, blood for gold” was what the National Socialists sang later. [Golo Mann] Home. 1919 – Treaty of Versailles: Germany loses colonies and land to neighbors, pays large-scale reparations. This was a loss of the kind which the Republic could least afford at this moment. The leaders of the Social Democratic Party replaced determination to govern by determination to keep order and by considerable, affecting integrity.(p. Such a treaty does not last linger than the political situation on which it was based. Hitler gained roughly a third of the vote and was thus defeated in the second round in April by Hindenburg, who gained a narrow majority.]. Mann was born in Munich.As a child, he pronounced his first name as Golo, and this name was adopted.He had an elder sister, Erika Mann, an elder brother, Klaus Mann, and three younger siblings, Monika, Elisabeth and Michael. You're listening to a sample of the Audible audio edition. It has been some time since I published the first part of Golo Mann’s “History of Germany since 1789”, covering the period from Napoleon to the end of Bismarck’s rule. The question of whether you can kill me or I can kill you arises between all living beings who do not share the same laws and do not trust each other. Unable to add item to Wish List. Mann, Golo, 1909-1994. Fast, FREE delivery, video streaming, music, and much more. In the Reichstag of 1928 the Nazis has mustered only 12 members and the Nazis were considered as part of the “lunatic fringe”. ], It was because of Papen’s activities that Hitler became Chancellor in a particular way and this fact alone should have been enough to make Papen remain forever silent in shame and remorse. The original’s title is “Deutsche Geschichte des 19. und 20. Endlich ist Geschichte spannend und verständlich. (p. 656), [Timeline: Hindenburg at the end of May 1932 was persuaded to dismiss Brüning as chancellor, replacing him with Franz von Papen, a renegade of the Centre Party, and a non-partisan “Cabinet of Barons”. Golo Mann (historian, essayist and writer) ~ Person. (p. 422), The semi-dictatorship which Bismarck had exercised in order to preserve the peace, to deprive German development of its momentum, had collapsed in 1890. Jahrhunderts 3 By: Golo Mann Narrated by: Achim Höppner ... Für Golo Mann jedoch wurde es Preußens Funktion, "seine unvorhersagbare, ungewollt, vom Eigensinn der Geschichte ihm zugespielte Chance und Aufgabe, der deutschen Nation ihre moderne Form zu geben". (p.443), There are two sides in every conflict and it would be wrong to hold German diplomacy alone responsible for the intrigues and fears that poisoned the European atmosphere in the decade before 1914. Create lists, bibliographies and reviews: or Search WorldCat. ], The Weimar state was thus more an appendage of the Empire of William II or the Bismarck than it was a distinct historic epoch; it was an interregnum between two eras, the second of which was, as we know, infinitely worse. (p. 569), It is an old truth that one should place least trust in one’s own right, in one’s own power and its duration when one is on top; then is the moment for humility , the moment to doubt of one’s own merit. Golo Mann Angelus Gottfried Thomas «Golo» Mann (fødd 27. mars 1909 i München, død 7. april 1994 i Leverkusen) var ein tysk-sveitsisk historikar, skribent, kommentator og forfattar. [Timeline: Brüning was appointed chancellor by Hindenburg on 29 March 1930 when the grand coalition under the Social Democrat Hermann Müller collapsed.]. This Reichsrätekongress set elections for a national assembly to take place on 19 January 1919. 1923 – Adolf Hitler, head of the National Socialist German Workers’ (Nazi) Party, leads an abortive coup in a Munich beer hall. (p. 476), The living know they will die but they do not believe it because they have become used to life and only know life. Nor was it felt as such. (Golo Mann) Grundtatsachen der deutschen Geschichte. 1918 – Germany defeated, signs armistice. Books: On “Current” and “Out-of-Print” Books; The Unreliable Memoirs series. Weimar: Deutsche Geschichte des 19. und 20. konicekbily. Große Personen unserer Geschichte ; Das Silmarillion; What listeners say about Stürmischer Beginn. .. – Leverkusen, 1994. április 7.) In her diary his mother describes him in his early years as sensitive, nervous and frightened. Schleicher selected Papen because his conservative, aristocratic background and military career was satisfactory to Hindenburg and would create the groundwork for a possible Centre-Nazi coalition. While Papen’s intrigues appeared to have brought Hitler into power, the crucial dynamic was in fact provided by the Nazi Party’s electoral support, which made military dictatorship the only alternative to Nazi rule for Hindenburg and his circle. (p.481). .. Ludendorff was a tremendous worker, an expert on the new weapons, a man whose head was full of figures and names but who was irritable and brutal and in the subtleties of life as inexperienced as a child. ISBN 3-772-95003-5; 1971 Wallenstein. X. Hindenburg declined and Schleicher resigned at midday on 28 January. Skip to main content. Other + Audiobook. Deutsche Geschichte des 19. und 20. (p.478), Nothing is inevitable until it has happened. Translation of Deutsche Geschichte des 19. und 20. Golo Mann (27 March 1909 – 7 April 1994), born Angelus Gottfried Thomas Mann, was a popular historian, essayist and writer.He was the third child of the novelist Thomas Mann and his wife Katia Mann.. Golo Mann, originally a Bavarian German, held Czechoslovakian citizenship from 1936 on, American 1943–68, Swiss from 1968 on and additionally German since 1976. Hitler made no progress as long as things were going tolerably well in Germany. Realizing that Schleicher was moving to replace him, Papen asked Hindenburg to fire Schleicher as defence minister. Deutsche Geschichte des 19. und 20. History confirms this a hundred times. Overview; Releases; Recordings; Works; Events; Relationships; Aliases; Tags; Details; Edit; Discography. "Wer sich in die Geschichte der deutschen Nation vertieft, der hat leicht den Eindruck eines unruhigen Lebens in Extremen." ISBN 3-596-11330-X; 1964 Wilhelm II. (p.466) The concept of the nation had no logical place in the Habsburg Empire. Deutsche Geschichte des 19. und 20. He had an elder sister, Erika Mann, an elder brother, Klaus Mann, and three younger siblings, Monika, Elisabeth and Michael. But it needs little acumen to show the erroneousness of this view. (p. 512), War is known to strengthen the strong and to weaken the weak, those who are already on their way down. Unreliable Memoirs. Hindenburg formally gave Papen the task of forming a new government. Golo Mann was die derde kind van die Nobelpryswenner vir Literatuur Thomas Mann en sy vrou Katia. Neither the Nazi Party nor Hindenburg had a governing majority, and the other parties refused co-operation. If Balkan nationalism triumphed over Turkey it would also triumph over Austria and in Austria. Zunächst, ich schätze Clark, Kershaw, Leonhard, ... sehr und verschlinge deren Bücher geradezu. Sonderausgabe. (p. 511-512), It is difficult to have sensible aims in the midst of an orgy of senselessness… What would the peoples, the masses, do if they suddenly saw the whole enormous war effort as a cruel piece of foolery? Find more information about: OCLC Number: 1953918: Description: 532,  pages 21 cm: Contents: Fruhe stucke --Untersuchungen --Deutschalnd, Deutsche geschichte … Prime members enjoy Free Two-Day Shipping, Free Same-Day or One-Day Delivery to select areas, Prime Video, Prime Music, Prime Reading, and more. Although he has no ideas in stone for emergencies he adopts the ideas of others and reproduces them skilfully… If Bullow wants to set one man against another he says with a charming smile ot the one that the other does not like him. ], How small the people sometimes are who are in a position to make history, how base their motives, their thoughts, their character… This enmity, this paralysis of German politics caused by the conflict of the mass parties, gave them (the Nazis) their chance… An industrial society in a state of great political excitement could be ruled either democratically or demagogically and tyranically. .. Only in the last ten or twelve years before 1914 did Germany become unpopular in Britain. (p. 628), The Weimar Constitution provided for the election of the President by the people, by all men and women entitled to vote. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. No Kindle device required. Der Nazistaat; Narrator. Jahrhunderts. Jahrhunderts. Instead, our system considers things like how recent a review is and if the reviewer bought the item on Amazon. (p.631), The idea of the Weimar Republic , to the extent that it had one, was compromise, peace between classes, not class struggle to the bitter end. Opens image gallery. Deutsche Geschichte des 19. und 20. Eine Jugend in Deutschland (1986) Wissen und Trauer (1992) Eksteraj ligiloj Both states were supra-national and violated the principle of the nation-state. Immer noch eines der besten Zusammenfassungen der Deutschen Geschichte des entsprechenden Zeitraums. The verdict was final; it could not be reversed five years later. This led to disappointments and later also to political aberrations. Enter your email address to subscribe to panathinaeos.com and receive notifications of new posts by email. ], It was the misery and the fear of misery which drove people into the Nazis arms. Jahrhunderts. The system by which Germany was governed depended on the pleasure of the President. In today’s post I will continue sharing with you some quotes from the book, which I consider one of the best history books on Europe. Sample Preußen erobert Deutschland; Deutsche Geschichte des 19. und 20. The heritage of the author led me to expect a history written in beautiful, polished, and expressive German, which indeed turned out to be the case. Please try again. (p. 635), A few months later, at the beginning of October (1929), Gustav Stresemann died after a stroke. Papen told his cabinet that he planned to have martial law declared, which would allow him to rule as a dictator. (p.445), The trouble with all youth movements is that they fail to keep their promises, however hard they try. (p. 582), Spengler, like Hegel, was aware of living at the end of an historical epoch, and he was stimulated by the war as Hegel had been by Napoleon’s appearance…What was dangerous for Hegel, the glorification of war, the worship of power and success, Spengler took over. It was in the same meeting that Papen first learned that Hitler wanted to dissolve the Reichstag when he became Chancellor and, once the Nazis had won a majority of the seats in the ensuing elections, to activate the Enabling Act. Neither side had a majority on its own, and no coalition could be formed to create a governing majority. 624), At the 1919 elections to the National Asembly more Germans voted for the Social Democrats than voted for the National Socialists even at the time of their greatest popular triumph in the summer of 1932. Scherz-Verlag, München-Bern-Wien 1964; 1970 Von Weimar nach Bonn. If it was not no constitution could help it…(p.574), Munich thus became the center both of Bavarian opposition and of an all-German conspiracy against Berlin democracy… Berlin was supposed to hold together the divided, threatened and deeply dissatisfied nation. Image not available. (Golo Mann) Jahrhunderts 6 (Audible Audio Edition): Golo Mann, Claus Biederstaedt, Diogenes Verlag AG: Amazon.ca: Audible Audiobooks By: ... Ungekürzte Lesung des zweiten und des dritten Kapitels von Deutsche Geschichte des 19. und 20. Golo Mann var son av Katia Pringsmann og den tyske forfattaren og nobelpristakaren Thomas Mann. On the evening of 22 January, in a meeting at the villa of Joachim von Ribbentrop in Berlin, Papen made the concession of abandoning his claim to the Chancellorship and committed to support Hitler as Chancellor in a proposed “Government of National Concentration”, in which Papen would serve as Vice-Chancellor and Minister-President of Prussia. I use the English translation by Marian Jackson, reprinted by Penguin Books in 1990. (p.683), In fact the party which decided the fate of the Weimar Republic was the Center. All the major parties by this time had their own “strong arm” squads. For ease of reference, in each quote I will use the page number of the 1990 reprint. ( Geschichte). (p.643). 1958 Deutsche Geschichte des 19. und 20. The method is simple and almost infallible.” Geheimrat Holstein (p.437), Once people had made the mistake of regarding the nation-state as the ultimate human goal and its “greatness” as an absolute purpose, there was no escape from the wearying game of threats and reconciliations, attempts to expand and withdrawals, of ever-changing speculative combinations; while always on the horizon there was the thing which everyone and no one believed in, war. On the same day Schleicher, to avoid a vote of no-confidence in the Reichstag when it reconvened on 31 January, asked the president to declare a state of emergency. Deutsche Geschichte im 19. und 20. Jahrhunderts 1 Written by: Golo Mann Narrated by: Achim Höppner Length: 5 hrs and 37 mins Unabridged Overall 0 out of 5 stars 0 Performance 0 out of 5 stars … Fünfzig Jahre deutsche Republik (1970) Wallenstein. Jahrhunderts. Author of Deutsche Geschichte des 19. und 20. Golo Mann. Golo Mann, rodným jménem Angelus Gottfried Thomas Mann (27. březen 1909, Mnichov – 7. duben 1994, Leverkusen) byl německý historik a esejista, syn spisovatele Thomase Manna.Narodil se jako bavorský Němec, od roku 1936 měl československé občanství, od roku 1943 americké, od roku 1968 švýcarské. Emperor William II abdicates and goes into exile. 1890 – Growing workers’ movement culminates in founding of Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD). (p. 520), By Unknown – Press photo published all over the world. (p.686), [Timeline: In the November 1932 election the Nazis lost seats, but Papen was still unable to secure a Reichstag that could be counted on not to pass another vote of no-confidence in his government. Tolles Buch, sehr schöner Schreibstil und inhaltlich hochinteressant und logisch dargelegt. Search. ], It is impossible to single out all the elements, poisonous or healthy, that fed the Nazi movement. német–svájci történész, publicista és író. Mann, Golo, 1909-Geschichte und Geschichten. For ease of reference, in each quote I will use the page number of the 1990 reprint. Papen’s attempt to negotiate with Hitler failed. we live forward, but we understand backwards, Paul Klee and two philosophers: Benjamin and Heidegger, An earthy dish worthy ten times its cost: lentils with sauteed cauliflower and chorizo, My CNN Greece Articles -Τα άρθρα μου στο CNN Greece, My articles in – Τα άρθρα μου στους “bostanistas.gr”, People who wrote modern Greek History (in Greek), first part of Golo Mann’s “History of Germany since 1789”, Caspar David Friedrich: “the most solitary of the solitary”, Ένα τραγούδι για το χελιδόνισμα από τα Σιάννα της Ρόδου. I am not aiming at reproducing the great intensity of the book, or summarize it. Thus, Papen’s minority government continued, leading to another election in November. Expand Menu Collapse Menu Reset Menu. Although they emerged once more as the largest party by far, they had fewer seats than before, and failed to form a government coalition in the Reichstag parliament. I use the English translation by Marian Jackson, reprinted by Penguin Books in 1990. (p. 577), Consequently the supporters of the old order possessed at least two attractive arguments in favor of a counter-blow from the right; the new democratic authority had feet of clay; and it allegedly offered no guarantees against the Communist or anarchist threat. The good period of the Weimar Republic was thus, on closer inspection, not so good after all. [Frankfurt am Main] S. Fischer [1962, ©1961] (OCoLC)570050062: Material Type: Internet resource: Document Type: Book, Internet Resource : All Authors / Contributors: Golo Mann. Deutsche Geschichte 1919-1945 by Mann, Golo. All general staffs had long prepared and nurtured grand offensive plans which they now put into action. März 1909 in München; † 7. Poland had been created at the expense of Germany, as Prussia had been at the expense of Poland… The Germans felt superior to the small Slav nations in a very different sense from that in which they felt superior to the French. Jahrhunderts, die in Millionenauflage erschien, in neun Sprachen übersetzt wurde und als Standardwerk gilt, sowie seine 1971 veröffentlichte Wallenstein-Biographie. ], 1919 was the great hour of democracy but it was not a happy hour. Your recently viewed items and featured recommendations, Select the department you want to search in. After viewing product detail pages, look here to find an easy way to navigate back to pages that interest you. "Wer sich in die Geschichte der deutschen Nation vertieft, der hat leicht den Eindruck eines unruhigen Lebens in Extremen", so Golo Mann. Picture Information. (p.478), It was an old Austrian axiom that the “monarchy” would not last much longer than Turkey. Jahrhunderts Bibliography: p. 537-540 Access-restricted-item true Addeddate 2010-09-09 12:57:50 … In the end, the President, who had previously vowed never to let Hitler become Chancellor, appointed Hitler to the post at 11.30 am on 30 January 1933, with Papen as Vice-Chancellor. Date Created/Published: Berlin : Hollerbaum & Schmidt, 1917. (p. 620), [Timeline: With the end of the First World War and the start of the November Revolution, Chancellor Max of Baden announced the abdication of the German Emperor Wilhelm II on 9 November 1918. (p.687), What seemed to begin as a new chapter in German history became the adventure of a villain who forced his will on Germany and through Germany on a large part of the world. Golo Mann, 1978. Have one to sell? WorldCat Home About WorldCat Help. (p. 426), “Only complete political dishonesty and naive optimism can fail to recognize that, after a period of peaceful competition, the inevitable urge of all nations with burgeois societies to expand their trade must now once more lead to a situation in which power alone will have a decisive influence on the extent to which individual nations will share in the economic control of the world, and thus determine the economic prospects of their peoples and of their workers in particular” Max Weber (p.434), “Bernhard Bullow (German Chancellor from 1900 to 1909) is clean-shaven and flabby, with a shifty look, and usually has a smile on his face. Das Buch liest sich wunderbar, konnte es nicht aus der Hand legen und verstehe jetzt endlich wesentliche Zusammenhänge. Try Prime EN Hello, Sign in Account & Lists Sign in Account & Lists Returns & Orders Try Prime Cart. The unfavourable reaction in right-wing circles further undermined Hindenburg’s support for Brüning. Mann was born in Munich. ( Geschichte). The Austrians therefore regarded the end of the First Balkan War as a defeat. To calculate the overall star rating and percentage breakdown by star, we don’t use a simple average. Thomas Mann és Katharina Pringsheim harmadik gyermeke. April 1994 in Leverkusen; eigentlich Angelus Gottfried Thomas Mann; heimatberechtigt in Kilchberg) war ein deutsch-schweizerischer Historiker, Publizist und Schriftsteller. Golo Mann in turn described him later: "Indeed he was able to radiate some kindness, but mostly it was silen… Something went wrong. (p.467), The Habsburg monarchy was a survival of the past, the only great non-national state in the age of nationalism. [Since 1929, Germany had been suffering from the Great Depression as unemployment rose from 8.5% to nearly 30% between 1929 and 1932, while industrial production inside Germany dropped roughly 42%. The unpopular countries were France and Russia, France because it was revolutionary, imperialistic and restless, and Russia because it was exotic, barbarian and despotic. (p.426), Great states, that is states which under given conditions regard themselves as great, want to be influential beyond their own frontiers. 1929 – Global depression, mass unemployment. The original’s title is “Deutsche Geschichte des 19. und 20. More from the same. Something had to be done with them. It can fall or decline, like Greece or Rome, but it can never reverse gear. Life. Zu Golo Manns bekanntesten Schriften gehören die 1958 erschienene Deutsche Geschichte des 19. und 20. They called the treaty a “dictation” which indeed it was; because genuine negotiations had taken place only between the victors, not between victors and vanquished. Foreign policy is largely irrational and comes up against elements that are also irrational. Als ich Clarks „Schlafwandler“ las, waren bereits über 10 Jahre vergangen seit ich Golo Mann gelesen hatte. ], [Timeline: The July 1932 elections resulted in great gains by the Nazi Party; with 230 seats, it was the largest party in parliament but without an overall majority. (p.543), We know today that the wars of this century are bad for everybody and that the victor cannot undo the damage done to him by doubling or increasing to hundredfold that done to the defeated enemy. He also appointed Friedrich Ebert as his own successor as Chancellor. Search for Library Items Search for Lists Search for Contacts Search for a Library. Er folgt nicht sterotypen Ideologien oder übergestülpten soziologischen Erklärungsschemata. (p.626), (Stresemann) He received no thanks for any of his achievements and he was blamed for everything that he had failed to achieve. 50 16.12.2019. France, Belgium occupy the Ruhr over failed reparation payments. Jahrhunderts”, first published in German in 1958. Deutsche Geschichte des 19. und 20. Instead, Hindenburg appointed Schleicher as chancellor. F.ex. Hyperinflation leads to economic collapse. The Council of the People’s Deputies, a provisional government consisting of three delegates from the Social Democratic Party (SPD) and three from the Independent Social Democratic Party (USPD), took over the executive power on the following day and called for a National Congress of Councils on 16 to 21 December to convene in Berlin. Découvrez cette écoute proposée par Audible.ca. Fischer, Frankfurt/Main 1992. (p.618), What made Oswald Spengler into a central intellectual figure was his description of the present and the immediate future. (p. 468) Economic interests bring people together, politics divide them. Books by Golo Mann (Author of Deutsche Geschichte des 19. und 20. Archiv der Weltgeschichte. ], [Timeline: In the morning of 29 January, Papen met with Hitler and Hermann Göring at his apartment, where it was agreed that Papen would serve as Vice-Chancellor and Commissioner for Prussia. The Germans lost the sympathies of the world because they did not believe that they had them and boastfully announced that they could do without them. Golo Mann hat ein brilliante Sprache. The first President, Ebert, had not been elected under this procedure, but had been appointed by the National Assembly. Golo Mann lived to see the reunification of Germany; he died in 1994. (p. 501), War have almost never gone according to plan; sooner or later they have developed in a way not foreseen by the strategists on either side. This is the second part, covering the period from 1890 to the rise of Hitler and Nazism to power (January 1933). … … After six weeks nothing was left of any of these plans and elaborate stratagems. Its early years are marked by high unemployment and rampant inflation. Jahrhunderts. After his death in the spring of 1925 it became necessary to hold an election. Papen’s cabinet had almost no support in parliament and only three days after his appointment, when faced with the opposition, had Hindenburg dissolve the Reichstag and called for new elections, for 31 July, so that the Reichstag could not dismiss him immediately. Jahrhunderts. In 1932 Germany produced scarcely half of what it had produced in 1929. golo művet keres? When the votes were counted in September 1930, it appeared that the supporters of the National Socialists had increased tenfold (my note: from 12 to 107).